Background

The Nipmuc Nation is a Massachusetts state–recognized tribe, whose fluid and borderless homelands include parts of the places now called central Massachusetts, northeastern Connecticut, and northwestern Rhode Island. Nipmuc Nation is represented by several bands, historically linked by kinship ties, trade routes, and other alliances.

The center of much of Nipmuc community life was and is at Hassanamesit, in present-day Grafton, Massachusetts. The small, 3.5 acres of land are known to be the only plot of land in Massachusetts that has never been owned or occupied by non-Indigenous people. For Nipmucs, the tract itself represents tribal sovereignty and persistence.

Today, the Nipmuc community is reclaiming language, land, tradition, and culture through various organizations and activities. To learn more about the Nipmuc past, present, and future, please visit Resources.

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